Longleaf pine

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Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris)


A tall evergreen tree, Pinus palustris, that grows in the southeastern United States. The longleaf pine, along with the slash pine, are the principal sources of turpentine. It is obtained from the sapwood of living trees. Longleaf pine trees are used for about half of the Kraft paper, Paperboard, and Book paper made in the United States. The hard, stiff, durable lumber was also used for ships, boxes, flooring, heavy construction, and millwork. Its highest production period for lumber was from 1850-1915.

Longleaf pine Pinus palustris

Synonyms and Related Terms

Pinus palustris; pitespaine (Port.); longleaf yellow pine; Georgia pine; hard pine; southern pine; Virginian pine; brown pine

Other Properties

Grows to 30-35 m with straight trunk. Bark=rhick, reddish-brown and scaly. Leaves-dark-green needles (20-45 cm) in bundles of three; often twisted. Cones:

Density 41 pcf


  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • External source or communication Comment: Southern Pine Association, New Orleans, LA: air-dry weight = 41 pcf
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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