Difference between revisions of "Magnetite"

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See also [[iron%20oxide%20black|iron oxide black]].
 
See also [[iron%20oxide%20black|iron oxide black]].
 
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[[[SliderGallery rightalign|Magnetiteitaly1.jpg~Raman]]]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
lodestone; ironstone; magnetic iron oxide; black iron oxide; ferro-ferric oxide; ferric ferrous oxide; Magnetit (Deut.); Magneteisen (Deut.); Magneteisenstein (Deut.); magnetita (Esp.; Port.); magnétite (Fr.); magnetyt (Pol.); magnetite (Port.); magnetiet (Ned.)
 
lodestone; ironstone; magnetic iron oxide; black iron oxide; ferro-ferric oxide; ferric ferrous oxide; Magnetit (Deut.); Magneteisen (Deut.); Magneteisenstein (Deut.); magnetita (Esp.; Port.); magnétite (Fr.); magnetyt (Pol.); magnetite (Port.); magnetiet (Ned.)
  
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|Magnetiteitaly1.jpg~Raman]]]
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== Physical and Chemical Properties ==
 
 
== Other Properties ==
 
  
Soluble in acids.  Insoluble in water.     
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* Soluble in acids.  Insoluble in water.     
 
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* Isometric crystal system; usually octahedrons, sometimes massive.   
Isometric crystal system; usually octahedrons, sometimes massive.  No definite cleavage.  Fracture = subconchoidal, uneven, brittle.  Strongly magnetic.  Luster = metallic to dull.  Streak = black.
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* No definite cleavage.   
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* Fracture = subconchoidal, uneven, brittle.   
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* Strongly magnetic.   
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* Luster = metallic to dull.   
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* Streak = black.
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
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|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
| 1538 (dec)
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| 1538 C (dec)
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Density
 
! scope="row"| Density
| 5.18
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| 5.18 g/ml
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Additional Information ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
 
 
Mineralogy Database: [http://www.webmineral.com/data/Magnetite.shtml Magnetite]
 
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
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* Mineralogy Database: [http://www.webmineral.com/data/Magnetite.shtml Magnetite]
  
 
* Jack Odgen, ''Jewellery of the Ancient World'', Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
 
* Jack Odgen, ''Jewellery of the Ancient World'', Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
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* ''The Merck Index'', Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983  Comment: entry 4087
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983  Comment: entry 4087
  
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "magnetite" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed December 11, 2001].
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* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "magnetite" [Accessed December 11, 2001].
  
 
* C.W.Chesterman, K.E.Lowe, ''Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Rocks and Minerals'', Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1979
 
* C.W.Chesterman, K.E.Lowe, ''Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Rocks and Minerals'', Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1979
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* ''The Dictionary of Art'', Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996  Comment: "Pigments"
 
* ''The Dictionary of Art'', Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996  Comment: "Pigments"
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetite (Accessed Sept. 10, 2005)
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetite (Accessed Sept. 10, 2005)
  
 
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
 
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993

Latest revision as of 14:43, 16 October 2022

Magnetite (iron oxide)

Description

Black opaque mineral composed of ferro-ferric oxide that is strongly magnetic. Magnetite is a common mineral and large deposits have been found in Sweden, Norway, the Urals, Italy, Switzerland, Australia, Brazil, United States (New Jersey, Arkansas, Utah, New York, New Mexico, California) and Canada (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia). Magnetite is brittle and fractures unevenly. When it possess a polarity because the molecules had time to line up before the magma cooled, magnetite is called lodestone. Lodestones, or natural magnets, have been found in Siberia, the Island of Elba and in Arkansas. Magnetite was used in antiquity for jewelry, amulet beads, seals and as a substitute for black pearls. It is also used as a black pigment in paints, linoleum, ceramic glazes, and glass.

See also Iron oxide black.

Raman

Magnetiteitaly1.jpg

Synonyms and Related Terms

lodestone; ironstone; magnetic iron oxide; black iron oxide; ferro-ferric oxide; ferric ferrous oxide; Magnetit (Deut.); Magneteisen (Deut.); Magneteisenstein (Deut.); magnetita (Esp.; Port.); magnétite (Fr.); magnetyt (Pol.); magnetite (Port.); magnetiet (Ned.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Soluble in acids. Insoluble in water.
  • Isometric crystal system; usually octahedrons, sometimes massive.
  • No definite cleavage.
  • Fracture = subconchoidal, uneven, brittle.
  • Strongly magnetic.
  • Luster = metallic to dull.
  • Streak = black.
Composition Fe3O4
Mohs Hardness 5.5 - 6.5
Melting Point 1538 C (dec)
Density 5.18 g/ml

Resources and Citations

  • Jack Odgen, Jewellery of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 4087
  • C.W.Chesterman, K.E.Lowe, Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Rocks and Minerals, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1979
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Pigments"
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: density=4.9-5.2