Microcline

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Microcline pendant
MFA Acc. #: 20.268

Description

Microcline (potassium feldspar)

A variety of potash Feldspar that is chemically identical to Orthoclase. However microcline has a triclinic crystalline system while orthoclase has a monoclinic crystalline system. Microcline may be clear, white, pale-yellow, brick-red, or green. Under a polarizing microscope, microcline displays a minute multiple twinning that forms a grating-like pattern. Amazon stone, or Amazonite, is a green microcline that has been used since antiquity for decorative items. Microcline is used in making glass, porcelain, and enamel. Major deposits are found in Italy (Baveno), Norway (Kragerø), Madagascar, Russia (the Urals), and the U.S. (Colorado).

Synonyms and Related Terms

albite twinning under polarized light; credit Eurico Zimbres

amazonite; feldspar; microclina (Esp., Port.); microklien (Ned.)

FTIR (PMA)

Microcline, PMA.TIF

IR-ATR (RRUFF)

Microcline IR-ATR RRUFF R050150.png

Raman (RRUFF)

Microcline Raman RRUFF R050150.png

Raman (RASMIN)

MicroclineRS.jpg

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Color= colorless, white, pale-yellow, brick-red, or green
  • Crystal system = triclinic, exhibits albite twinning (grating pattern)
  • Cleavage = perfect in one direction and good in another
  • Fracture = uneven
  • Luster = vitreous
  • Streak = white
  • Fluorescence = generally inert; may show weak yellowish green in LW
  • Pleochroism = absent
Composition K2O-Al2O3-6SiO2
Mohs Hardness 6.0-6.5
Density 2.5-2.6 g/ml
Refractive index 1.514- 1.539
Birefringence undetectable to 0.007

Resources and Citations

  • Gem Identification Lab Manual, Gemological Institute of America, 2016.
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 316
  • Jack Odgen, Jewellery of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "microcline" [Accessed March 4, 2002]
  • Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technologies, Paul Nicholson, Ian Shaw (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000 Comment: B.Aston, J.Harrell, I.Shaw, "Stone" p. 21-22.
  • Wikipedia: Microcline (Accessed Sept. 10, 2005 and Dec 2022)
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976

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