1) Common name for sodium chloride.
2) Any compound formed by a pair of positive and negative ions. In solid form, salts are usually crystalline. They typically dissolve in water. Aqueous solutions of salts are called electrolytes and can conduct electricity.
Synonyms and Related Terms
1) sodium chloride, common salt; rock salt
2) salts (pl.); Salze (Deut.); sel (Fr.); sal (Esp., Port.); sale (It.); zouten (Ned.)
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 685
- Richard C. Wolbers, Nanette T. Sterman, Chris Stavroudis, Notes for Workshop on New Methods in the Cleaning of Paintings, J.Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 1990
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt (accessed June 1, 2005)