A yellow, carotenoid pigment found in egg yolks, yellow flowers, body fats, green vegetation, and bird feathers. Xanthophyll, or phylloxanthin, acts as an antioxidant and is included in eye medicines to prevent macular degeneration. Examples of xanthophylls include lutein, zeaxanthin and cryptoxanthin.
Synonyms and Related Terms
phylloxanthin; lutein; vegetable luteol; B,E-carotene-3,3'-diol; carotenoid; xantofila (Esp., Port.); xantofyll (Sven.)
Physical and Chemical Properties
Insoluble in water. Slightly soluble in ethanol. Soluble in fats and oils.
Abs. max = 481, 453, 429, 333, 268 nm
|Melting Point||190-193 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 568.85|
Resources and Citations
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 9875
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthophyll (accessed Mar. 10, 2006)