An imitation vermilion pigment. American vermilion is describe by most references as a bright, permanent red pigment composed of basic lead chromate. One reference (Mayer 1969), however, states that American vermilion is a lake of a synthetic red dye, such as eosin or scarlet dye, on a red base, such as red lead, orange mineral, or chrome red. Mayer states that American vermilion is not permanent for artists' paints.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Pigment Orange 21; CI 77601; vermiglione americano (It.); vermilionette; Chinese scarlet; chrome red;
R. Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row, New York, 1969.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Thomas Gregory, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 3rd ed., 1942
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 445
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Monona Rossol, The Artist's Complete Health and Safety Guide, Allworth Press, New York, 1994