Dry cleaning

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Cardill dry cleaning pad

Description

Dry cleaning involves the removal of dirt and stains from a substrate without the use of aqueous solutions. Papers and textiles that contain water-sensitive dyes and paints may need to be dry cleaned. Some examples of dry cleaning materials are:

1) Stoddard solvent - a flammable petroleum distillate

2) Chlorinated hydrocarbons- such as tetrachloroethylene

3) Vaclene [DuPont] - a fluorinated chlorinated hydrocarbon

4) Fuller's earth - a powdered clay which absorbs oils and grease

5) Sodium bicarbonate, magnesium carbonate

6) Draft clean [GH Smith] - powdered rubber and other types of erasers

7) Design® Artgum® eraser - a vulcanized vegetable oil eraser absorbs dirt.

Synonyms and Related Terms

dry cleaning materials; dyr cleaners; chemische Reinigung; nettoyage à sec (Fr.); limpeza a seco (Port.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986

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