A colorless liquid with a ammoniacal odor. Ethylenediamine is strongly alkaline and will absorb carbon dioxide from the air forming a nonvolatile carbonate. Ethylenediamine is used in developing baths for color photographs. It is also used as a solvent for casein, albumin, shellac, and sulfur. Other applications include use as a textile lubricant and rubber stabilizer.
Synonyms and Related Terms
1,2-diaminoethane; 1,2-ethanediamine; ethylene diamine
Soluble in water and ethanol. Slightly soluble in ether. Insoluble in benzene.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 60.1|
Hazards and Safety
Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Irritating to skin and eye. Flammable. Flash point = 34C. Gives off toxic fumes in when burning.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 3841
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.454