Synthetic fiber

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MFA Acc. #: L-R 27.2008

Description

Fibers manufactured from substances that have been produced or modified by chemical reactions. Artificial fibers were first made in 1842 when molten glass was formed into filaments. By the late 1880s, man-made fabrics were being made from cellulose nitrate and rayon fibers. Current examples include: acetate, acrylic, alginic, anidex, aramid, azlon, casein, cupro, nylon, novoloid, nytril, modacrylic, modal, olefin, polyester, saran, spandex, sulfar, triacetate, vinal, and vinyon.

MFA Acc. #: L-SE 1071.5.1

Synonyms and Related Terms

synthetic fibers; man-made fiber; manmade fiber; man-made fibre; fibras sintéticas(Esp.)

Comparisons

Properties of Synthetic Fibers

Fiber Burn Tests


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Marjory L. Joseph, Introductory Textile Science, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth, TX, 1986
  • J.Gordon Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:II Man-made Fibres, Merrow Publishing Co. , Durham, England

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