Difference between revisions of "Antistatic agent"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
An additive that minimizes or dissipates the accumulation of electrical charge. Static electrical charges, which can buildup on some polymers, attract dust and foreign matter. Antistatic agents, developed in the 1950s, are typically hygroscopic and thus attract moisture that dissipates the charge. Examples of some antistatic agents are quaternary ammonium salts, aliphatic amines, phosphate esters, and ethylene glycols. They have been applied as coatings for acrylic sheets ([[Lucite|Lucite®]], [[Plexiglas®|Plexiglas®]], etc.) and plastic films ([[polyethylene|polyethylene]], [[Mylar|Mylar®]], etc.). Antistatic coatings are also applied to some phonograph records, digital records tapes, textiles and paper products. Treated polymers should not be used in contact with artifacts.
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An additive that minimizes or dissipates the accumulation of electrical charge. Static electrical charges, which can buildup on some polymers, attract dust and foreign matter. Antistatic agents, developed in the 1950s, are typically hygroscopic and thus attract moisture that dissipates the charge. Examples of some antistatic agents are quaternary ammonium salts, aliphatic amines, phosphate esters, and ethylene glycols. They have been applied as coatings for acrylic sheets ([[Lucite|Lucite®]], [[Plexiglas|Plexiglas®]], etc.) and plastic films ([[polyethylene|polyethylene]], [[Mylar|Mylar®]], etc.). Antistatic coatings are also applied to some phonograph records, digital records tapes, textiles and paper products. Treated polymers should not be used in contact with artifacts.
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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antistat; destatic agent; destaticization; anti-static agent
 
antistat; destatic agent; destaticization; anti-static agent
  
== Additional Information ==
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== Collection Risks ==
  
 
'''Links to Oddy Test results posted on AIC Wiki Materials Database Pages for individual materials below'''<br>
 
'''Links to Oddy Test results posted on AIC Wiki Materials Database Pages for individual materials below'''<br>
  
° [http://www.conservation-wiki.com/wiki/Oddy_Test_Results:_Case_Construction_Materials#anti_static_agent0001 Hammond Chemicals Anti-Static Cleaner] Tested in 2009
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* [http://www.conservation-wiki.com/wiki/Oddy_Test_Results:_Case_Construction_Materials#anti_static_agent0001 Hammond Chemicals Anti-Static Cleaner] Tested in 2009
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
  
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 789
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 789
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* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antistatic_agent (Accessed Mar. 20, 2006)
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antistatic_agent (Accessed Mar. 20, 2006)
  
 
* Marjorie Shelley, ''The Care and Handling of Art Objects'', The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
 
* Marjorie Shelley, ''The Care and Handling of Art Objects'', The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
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[[Category:Materials database]]
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[[Category:Materials database]][[Category:MWG]]

Latest revision as of 14:38, 27 April 2022

Description

An additive that minimizes or dissipates the accumulation of electrical charge. Static electrical charges, which can buildup on some polymers, attract dust and foreign matter. Antistatic agents, developed in the 1950s, are typically hygroscopic and thus attract moisture that dissipates the charge. Examples of some antistatic agents are quaternary ammonium salts, aliphatic amines, phosphate esters, and ethylene glycols. They have been applied as coatings for acrylic sheets (Lucite®, Plexiglas®, etc.) and plastic films (Polyethylene, Mylar®, etc.). Antistatic coatings are also applied to some phonograph records, digital records tapes, textiles and paper products. Treated polymers should not be used in contact with artifacts.

Synonyms and Related Terms

antistat; destatic agent; destaticization; anti-static agent

Collection Risks

Links to Oddy Test results posted on AIC Wiki Materials Database Pages for individual materials below

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 789
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Marjorie Shelley, The Care and Handling of Art Objects, The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002
  • Conservation Support Systems, Catalog, 1997
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988