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Originally coined in 1940, elastomer refers to a synthetic polymer with elastic properties similar to natural rubber. According to ASTM, an elastomer can recover its original size after repeated extensions to more than twice its initial length. Examples of elastomers are Polybutadiene, Styrene-butadiene rubber, polychloroprene (Neoprene), Nitrile rubber, Butyl rubber, Polysulfide rubber (Thiokol), Polyisoprene, ethylene propylene terpolymer (EDPM), silicone rubber, and polyurethane rubber.
Synonyms and Related Terms
elastómero (Esp.); élastomère (Fr.); elastomero (It.); elastómero (Port.); synthetic rubber;
Resources and Citations
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993 Comment: ..stretched to at least twice its original length..
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996 Comment: ..recovery after repeated stretching to three times its original length
- Corrosion Source Glossary at http://www.corrosionsource.com/handbook/glossary/e_glos.htm gives 'at least twice its original length'.
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000