Difference between revisions of "Nettle"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
Plants from the family Urticaceae. Nettles have been cultivated for centuries in Europe and Asia as a source of fiber for ropes and sails. The best known fibers from nettle plants are [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=stinging%20nettle stinging nettle] (''Urtica dioica''), small nettle (''Urtica urens''), [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=giant%20nettle giant nettle] (''Urtica ardens''), and the Roman nettle (''Urtica pilulifera''). Nettle fibers are light-color, soft, and strong They are used for twine, rope, canvas and sailcloth. Nettle fibers are also used as substitutes for flax and hemp.  
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Plants from the family Urticaceae. Nettles have been cultivated for centuries in Europe and Asia as a source of fiber for ropes and sails. The best known fibers from nettle plants are [[stinging%20nettle|stinging nettle]] (''Urtica dioica''), small nettle (''Urtica urens''), [[giant%20nettle|giant nettle]] (''Urtica ardens''), and the Roman nettle (''Urtica pilulifera''). Nettle fibers are light-color, soft, and strong They are used for twine, rope, canvas and sailcloth. Nettle fibers are also used as substitutes for flax and hemp.  
  
[http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Ramie Ramie] (''Boehmeria nivea'') is also in the nettle family.
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[[Ramie|Ramie]] (''Boehmeria nivea'') is also in the nettle family.
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* For nettle fiber identification, see http://cameo.mfa.org/wiki/Category:FRIL:_Plant_Fibers
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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brandnetel (Ned.); ortie (Fr.) Nessel (Deut.); ortica (It.); ortiga (Esp.)
 
brandnetel (Ned.); ortie (Fr.) Nessel (Deut.); ortica (It.); ortiga (Esp.)
  
== Other Properties ==
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== Physical and Chemical Properties ==
 
 
Urtica dioica: fiber has small diameter and thick cell wall; similar to linen
 
  
Urtica urens: fiber has larger diamter with thin cell wall
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* ''Urtica dioica'': fiber has small diameter and thick cell wall; similar to linen
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* ''Urtica urens'': fiber has larger diameter with thin cell wall
  
== Additional Information ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
  
° G.Cook, ''Handbook of Textile Fibres:I. Natural Fibres'', 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984. ° R.King, E.Hartley, "Unusual Fibers Used in Northwest Coast Ethnographic Textiles, Their Preparation & Their Structure", ''Technology & Conservation'', 1/79.
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G.Cook, ''Handbook of Textile Fibres:I. Natural Fibres'', 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984.  
  
== Authority ==
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* R.King, E.Hartley, "Unusual Fibers Used in Northwest Coast Ethnographic Textiles, Their Preparation & Their Structure", ''Technology & Conservation'', 1/79.
  
 
* Henry Hodges, ''Artifacts: An Introduction to Early Materials and Technology'', Ronald P. Frye, Kingston, Canada, 1988
 
* Henry Hodges, ''Artifacts: An Introduction to Early Materials and Technology'', Ronald P. Frye, Kingston, Canada, 1988
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* ''Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles'', Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
 
* ''Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles'', Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  
* Website address 1  Comment: For translations: www.allwords.com
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* Website: For translations: www.allwords.com
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 
[[Category:Materials database]]

Latest revision as of 15:22, 9 August 2022

Description

Plants from the family Urticaceae. Nettles have been cultivated for centuries in Europe and Asia as a source of fiber for ropes and sails. The best known fibers from nettle plants are Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), small nettle (Urtica urens), Giant nettle (Urtica ardens), and the Roman nettle (Urtica pilulifera). Nettle fibers are light-color, soft, and strong They are used for twine, rope, canvas and sailcloth. Nettle fibers are also used as substitutes for flax and hemp.

Ramie (Boehmeria nivea) is also in the nettle family.

Synonyms and Related Terms

brandnetel (Ned.); ortie (Fr.) Nessel (Deut.); ortica (It.); ortiga (Esp.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Urtica dioica: fiber has small diameter and thick cell wall; similar to linen
  • Urtica urens: fiber has larger diameter with thin cell wall

Resources and Citations

  • G.Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:I. Natural Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984.
  • R.King, E.Hartley, "Unusual Fibers Used in Northwest Coast Ethnographic Textiles, Their Preparation & Their Structure", Technology & Conservation, 1/79.
  • Henry Hodges, Artifacts: An Introduction to Early Materials and Technology, Ronald P. Frye, Kingston, Canada, 1988
  • A.Lucas, J.R.Harris, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 4th edition, 1962
  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  • Website: For translations: www.allwords.com