Difference between revisions of "Nicotine"

From CAMEO
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (Text replace - "\[http:\/\/cameo\.mfa\.org\/materials\/fullrecord\.asp\?name=([^\s]+)\s(.*)\]" to "$2")
 
Line 3: Line 3:
  
 
A colorless, oily liquid alkaloid primarily obtained from the dried leaves of the tobacco plant (''Nicotiana tabacum''). Nicotine was named in 1550 for Jean Nicot after he sent tobacco seeds to Paris. It is a highly additive drug that is toxic in large doses. Commercially, purified nicotine is used as an [[insecticide|insecticide]], parasiticide, and [[fumigant|fumigant]]. Nicotine turns brown when exposed to light or air.
 
A colorless, oily liquid alkaloid primarily obtained from the dried leaves of the tobacco plant (''Nicotiana tabacum''). Nicotine was named in 1550 for Jean Nicot after he sent tobacco seeds to Paris. It is a highly additive drug that is toxic in large doses. Commercially, purified nicotine is used as an [[insecticide|insecticide]], parasiticide, and [[fumigant|fumigant]]. Nicotine turns brown when exposed to light or air.
 
+
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|nicotine.jpg~Chemical structure]]]
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
1-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine; 3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine; Nikotin (Deut.); nicotina (Esp., It., Port.); nicotine (Fr., Ned.); nikotyna (Pol.); nikotin (Sven.); Black Leaf 40; Ortho-N4 dust; Niagara P.A. dust; Nicocide; Nico-dust; Nico-fume; Nicotina; Destruxol orchid spray; Emo-n; Flux MAAG; Fumetobac; Mach-Nic;
 
1-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine; 3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine; Nikotin (Deut.); nicotina (Esp., It., Port.); nicotine (Fr., Ned.); nikotyna (Pol.); nikotin (Sven.); Black Leaf 40; Ortho-N4 dust; Niagara P.A. dust; Nicocide; Nico-dust; Nico-fume; Nicotina; Destruxol orchid spray; Emo-n; Flux MAAG; Fumetobac; Mach-Nic;
  
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|nicotine.jpg~Chemical structure]]]
+
== Risks ==
 +
 
 +
* Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. 
 +
* Combustible.  Flash point = 95 C 
 +
* Gives off toxic fumes. 
 +
* ThermoFisher: [https://www.fishersci.com/store/msds?partNumber=AC181420250&productDescription=L-NICOTINE%2C+99%2B%25+25GR&vendorId=VN00032119&countryCode=US&language=en SDS]
  
== Other Properties ==
+
==Physical and Chemical Properties==
  
 
Miscible with water.  Soluble in alcohols, chloroform, ether, kerosene, oils.   
 
Miscible with water.  Soluble in alcohols, chloroform, ether, kerosene, oils.   
Line 25: Line 30:
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
| -8.0
+
| -8.0 C
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Density
 
! scope="row"| Density
| 1.01
+
| 1.01 g/ml
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
Line 34: Line 39:
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Boiling Point
 
! scope="row"| Boiling Point
| 123-125
+
| 123-125 C
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Hazards and Safety ==
+
==Resources and Citations==
 
 
Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. 
 
 
 
Combustible.  Flash point = 95 C  Gives off toxic fumes. 
 
 
 
LINK: [http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0519.html International Chemical Safety Card]
 
 
 
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 
  
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Susan Budavari (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Whitehouse Station, NJ, 12th Edition, 1996  Comment: entry 6365; b.p.=123-125C
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Susan Budavari (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Whitehouse Station, NJ, 12th Edition, 1996  Comment: entry 6365; b.p.=123-125C
  
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "nicotine" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed March 26, 2002
+
* ''Encyclopedia Britannica'', http://www.britannica.com  Comment: "nicotine" [Accessed March 26, 2002
  
* Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com  Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicotine (Accessed Nov. 9, 2005) - b.p.=247C
+
* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicotine (Accessed Nov. 9, 2005) - b.p.=247C
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 
[[Category:Materials database]]

Latest revision as of 12:37, 23 August 2022

Nicotine

Description

A colorless, oily liquid alkaloid primarily obtained from the dried leaves of the tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum). Nicotine was named in 1550 for Jean Nicot after he sent tobacco seeds to Paris. It is a highly additive drug that is toxic in large doses. Commercially, purified nicotine is used as an Insecticide, parasiticide, and Fumigant. Nicotine turns brown when exposed to light or air.

Chemical structure

Nicotine.jpg

Synonyms and Related Terms

1-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)pyrrolidine; 3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)pyridine; Nikotin (Deut.); nicotina (Esp., It., Port.); nicotine (Fr., Ned.); nikotyna (Pol.); nikotin (Sven.); Black Leaf 40; Ortho-N4 dust; Niagara P.A. dust; Nicocide; Nico-dust; Nico-fume; Nicotina; Destruxol orchid spray; Emo-n; Flux MAAG; Fumetobac; Mach-Nic;

Risks

  • Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption.
  • Combustible. Flash point = 95 C
  • Gives off toxic fumes.
  • ThermoFisher: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Miscible with water. Soluble in alcohols, chloroform, ether, kerosene, oils.

Hygroscopic. Turns brown with exposure to air and light.

Composition C10H14N2
CAS 54-11-5
Melting Point -8.0 C
Density 1.01 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 162.23
Boiling Point 123-125 C

Resources and Citations

  • The Merck Index, Susan Budavari (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Whitehouse Station, NJ, 12th Edition, 1996 Comment: entry 6365; b.p.=123-125C

Retrieved from "https://cameo.mfa.org/index.php?title=Nicotine&oldid=91633"