Venetian red

Revision as of 11:56, 25 June 2022 by MDerrick (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Venetian red


A permanent, reddish brown pigment. Venetian red was originally prepared from a natural Red ocher. By the 18th century, Venetian red was being manufactured by calcining Ferrous sulfate (copperas) with Lime or Calcium carbonate. Venetian red contains about 15-40% Ferric oxide and 60-80% calcium sulfate. Venetian red is used in oil paints, house paints, and as a paper colorant.

Synonyms and Related Terms

India red; Indian red; scarlet red; terra rosa; iron oxide red; roasted iron oxide


Venetian red.TIF

Raman (MFA)

Synthetic Venetian red (Forbes MFA 76) 50X copy.tif

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Density = 3.45

Resources and Citations

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998