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Absorption and fluorescence emission spectra


A colorless, crystalline compound composed of three attached aromatic rings. Anthracene is derived from the fractional distillation of Coal tar. Anthracene is used to make synthetic alizarin. It is also used to manufacture other organic dyes, resins, plasticizers, and tanning agents.

Synonyms and Related Terms

anthracin; paranaphthalene; antracen (Ces., Pol.); Anthracen (Deut.); antraceno(Esp.); anthracène (Fr.); anthraceen (Ned.);

Chemical structure


Hazards and Safety

Combustible. Carcinogenic.

ThermoFisher: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Slightly soluble in ethanol, ether and benzene. Insoluble in water.

Violet fluorescence when pure, yellow-green when impure.

Composition C14H10
CAS 120-12-7
Melting Point 218 C
Density 1.1-1.2 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 178.2
Boiling Point 342 C

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 801
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • John and Margaret Cannon, Dye Plants and Dyeing, Herbert Press, London, 1994
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 721
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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