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White, crystalline, water-soluble Polysaccharide. Arabinose is one of the major components in Gum arabic. It is also present in most other vegetable gums. Arabinose is commonly used as a culture medium.

Synonyms and Related Terms

pectin sugar; gum sugar; pectinose


Combustible; combustion produces toxic fumes.

Incompatible with strong bases or strong oxidizing agents.

Fisher Scientific: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in water, glycerol. Insoluble in ethanol, ether.

Composition C5H10O5
CAS 5328-37-0
Melting Point 157-160
Density 1.585
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 150.14

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p.381
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 799
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998