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A tannin producing tree, Cassia auricula, native to India. The bark from the avarem tree contains about 18% tannins. It was used significantly in India to produce light-tanned and half-tanned cattle hides for export. Avarem is still used to tan goat and sheepskins, i.e., East India Kips (Roberts and Etherington 1982). When used alone, avarem penetrates the skin to produce a tough Leather that can darken in sunlight. The addition of [myrobalan%20extract|myrobalans]] produces a light-color, flexible leather.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Cassia auricula; avaram; turwar

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: pp. 165, 702
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982