Barium nitrate

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Chemical structure

Barium nitrate.jpg

White crystals or fused mass that is a strong oxidizing agent. . Barium nitrate is primarily used to produce green fireworks and green signal lights. It is also used in the manufacture of glass and ceramic glazes as well as for a rodenticide.


  • Highly toxic by ingestion.
  • Contact with skin and membranes may cause irritation.
  • ThermoFisher: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in water. Insoluble in ethanol.

Composition Ba(NO3)2
CAS 10022-31-8
Melting Point 575 C
Density 3.244 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 261.34

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993 Comment: melting point=575C
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 1012

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