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A reddish hardwood obtained from the genus Ptercarpus (e.g., Baphia nitida) trees in Sierra Leone (barwood) and the west coast of Africa (camwood). Barwood trees produce a fugitive red dyestuff containing Santalin that has been used for textiles and tanning Leather. The dye is soluble in alcohol, but insoluble and water. It was used commercially to produce mock Turkey red dyes.
See also Sandalwood
Synonyms and Related Terms
sanderswood; red sandalwood; ruby wood; sandalo rosso (It.)
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in alcohol, acids and alkalis.
Insoluble in water.
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 136
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
- F. Crace-Calvert, Dyeing and Calico Printing, Palmer & Howe, London, 1876