Black birch

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Black birch Betula nigra


A common name for two Birch trees, Betula lenta (sweet birch) and Betula nigra (river birch), native to eastern North America. Black birch has a hard, dense wood with a straight, fine grain. It is used for cabinetry and flooring.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Betula lenta; Betula nigra; bouleau noir (Fr.); sweet birch; cherry birch; river birch

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Tree height= 20-25m
  • Bark is smooth creamy color that peels in papery sheets

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 104
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Virginia Tech Dencrology website at (accessed Oct. 3, 2005)
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998