A drying oil obtained from the seed nuts of the Aleurites moluccana trees native to southeast Asia. Candlenut oil obtained its name because the natives used the nuts as candles to light their houses. The cold pressed oil is a light in color, viscous, and dries quickly. The hot pressed oil is brown. Candlenut oil is used to make varnishes, lacquer, and soap as well as for an artists' paint that is sometimes called walnut oil or artist's oil. Candlenut oil has similar properties to tung oil.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Aleurites moluccana; candle-nut oil (Br.); huile de bancoul (Fr.); lumbang oil; kukui; kekune; walnut oil; artist's oil
Saponification number = 193 Iodine number = 164 Acid number = 2
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "Tung Tree." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 14 Apr. 2004 .
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 826
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
- Helmut Schweppe, Schweppe color collection index and information book
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000