Cardboard or Paperboard with a primed canvas glued on one side. In 1863, a patent was issued to Albert G. Collins for canvas applied to pasteboard to minimize warping of the panel (Katlan 1999). By 1878, canvas boards were listed in the catalog of George Rowney and Co. By 1879, a patent was issued for an improved designed, later known as Russell boards, in which the layers were dried under pressure to form a rigid and permanent board that was often used for outdoor sketching. A wide varety of canvas boards are still manufactured. The inexpensive boards are popular as a painting surface for amateurs and students.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Russell board; Rushmore boards; carton entoilé (Fr.); canvasboard
Resources and Citations
- A. Katlan “The American Artist’s Tools and Materials for On-site Oil Sketching ” JAIC 38 (1):21-32, 1999.
- R. J. Gettens and G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966.
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)