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A hardened red clay mainly found in Pipestone County, Minnesota. Catlinite was named for George Catlin, an American painter of western scenes (Bucher 1996). It is also called Indian pipestone, because Native Americans carve ceremonial pipes from this material.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Indian pipestone

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997