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One type of optical Aberration of a lens with spherical surface. When coma aberration occurs, the image cannot be focused because the light rays no longer meet at the focal plane as a point but rather as the shape of a comet. Coma is caused by various lens zones having different magnifications. A lens systems that is corrected for both Spherical aberration and coma for a single object position is called Aplanatic.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Koma (Deut.); coma (Fr.);

Resources and Citations

  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • ASTM, Standard Terminology of Microscopy, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 14, General Methods and Instrumentation, ASTM, E175, 75-78, May 1982
  • Walter C. McCrone, John Gustave Delly, The Particle Atlas, W. McCrone Associates, Chicago, IV, 1972

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