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A bright yellow natural dyestuff. Crocetin is the primary colorant in Saffron, crocus, Wongsky, unki, gunari, and flowers of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. Crocetin is a Substantive dye that produces a strong yellow color on Alum mordanted and unmordanted Wool. Copper mordanting produces a greenish yellow shade.

Synonyms and Related Terms

8,8'-diaporcarotenedioic acid; CI 75100; crocetina (Esp., It., Port.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Soluble dilute alkali solutions and pyridine. Slightly soluble in water, organic solvents.
  • Forms a blue solution in concentrated sulfuric acid.
  • Forms dark red crystals from acetic anhydride extract.
  • Abs. max 464, 436, 411 nm
Composition C20H24O4
CAS 27876-94-4
Melting Point 285 C

Resources and Citations

  • Helmut Schweppe, Schweppe color collection index and information book
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 2578
  • Colour Index International online at
  • Judith Hofenk-de Graaff, Natural Dyestuffs: Origin, Chemical Constitution, Identification, Central Research Laboratory for Objects of Art and Science, Amsterdam, 1969

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