[DuPont] A registered trademark for a Polyester fiber made of Polyethylene terephthalate. In 1951, Dacron®, along with Terylene in England, became the first commercially marketed polyester fiber. Dacron® is available as yarn, staple, and fiberfill. Polyester is durable, strong, and washes well. It has good resistance to bleaches, ketones, alcohols, soaps, detergents, and dry cleaning agents. Dacron® is also resistant to creasing, abrasion, heat aging, sunlight, and insect attack. It is used for clothing, curtains, belts, fire hoses, and filled products.
For identification of Dacron fibers, see http://cameo.mfa.org/wiki/Category:FRIL:_Polyester
Synonyms and Related Terms
polyester; polyethylene terephthalate; Terylene [ICI]; Fiber V;
- Difficult to ignite
- Burns with a shiny, yellow-orange, sooty flame.
Physical and Chemical Properties
- Resistant to cold acids, weak alkalis, bleach and most organic solvents.
- Degrades in strong alkalis, strong hot acids, cresol.
- Tenacity = 2.8-5.2
- Elongation = 19-30%
- Moisture regain = 0.4%
|Melting Point||250-260 C|
|Refractive Index||1.54, 1.72|
Properties of Synthetic Fibers
Resources and Citations
- DuPont: Fabrics
- Marjory L. Joseph, Introductory Textile Science, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth, TX, 1986
- Identification of Textile Materials, The Textile Institute, Manchester, England, 1985
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 625
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 7730
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
- AMOL reCollections Glossary at http://amol.org.au/recollections/7/d/htm