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Synthetic elastomeric fibers quickly replaced natural rubber fibers when they were first commercially produced in the 1930s. The synthetic elastomeric fibers had superior elastic properties and greater durability. In 1959, spandex was introduced by DuPont (Lycra®) and in 1970, anidex was introduced by Rohm and Haas (ANIM/8) but was later discontinued. Elastomeric fibers are used in fabrics to produce lingerie, swimsuits, hosiery, and athletic apparel.
Synonyms and Related Terms
elastomeric fibre; elastomeric yarn; elastic fiber; stretch fiber; stretch yarn; spandex; anidex; Lycra®; Lastex; fibras de elastómero (Esp.); elastomeren (spandexgarens) Verene, Sarlane, Spanzelle (Ned)
Properties of Synthetic Fibers
Resources and Citations
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
- G.Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:II. Man-made Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984.
- Marjory L. Joseph, Introductory Textile Science, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth, TX, 1986
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996