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The enclosure of a material within an isolating barrier. The barrier is often a plastic in the form of a film, envelope, transparent resin or foam. Encapsulation may provide protection for an object during handling or shipping. It may also be done temporarily or permanently to produce a controlled environment, such as an oxygen free air used to kill insects and to minimize oxidation and biological deterioration.

Synonyms and Related Terms

lamination; insealen (Ned.); encapsulation (Fr.); pelliculage (Fr.); Einkapselung (Deut.); Einbettung (Deut.); incapsulamento (It.); encapsulación (Esp.); encapsulação (Port.); inkapsling (Sven.); kapsling (Sven.)

Resources and Citations

  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988
  • Marjorie Shelley, The Care and Handling of Art Objects, The Metropolitan Museum, New York, 1987
  • A Glossary of Paper Conservation Terms, Margaret Ellis (ed.), Conservation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York City, 1998

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