Engelmann spruce

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Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmannii)


A soft, light wood obtained from the Engelmann spruce, Picea engelmannii, native to the western part of North America. The yellowish to reddish fine-grain wood is used for lumber, millwork, construction, and the manufacture of paper and boxes.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Picea engelmannii; épicéa d'Engelmann (Fr.); épinette (Fr.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Color: off-white to cream with occasional red hint
  • Grain: fine, even texture with straight grain
  • Density = 27 pcf

Working Properties

  • Easy to work
  • Glues and finishes well
  • Can stain unevenly due to closed pore structure. A sanding sealer, gel stain or toners works best.

Resources and Citations

  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • Western Pine Association, Portland Oregon: air-dry weight = 27 pcf