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1) A highly colored, opaque glaze used for pottery, ceramic tiles, and architectural terracotta, particularly in the 16th-18th centuries in France and Germany. Faience was the French name given to a tin-glazed pottery originally made in Faenze, Italy. The Italian made pottery is now called Majolica.
2) Any glazed earthenware.
3) Finely glazed Egyptian pottery.
Synonyms and Related Terms
faience (Ned.); faïence (Fr.); faiança (Port.); fayence; majolica
Resources and Citations
- P.Nicholson, E.Peltenburg, "Egyptian Faience" in Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, P.Nicholson, I.Shaw (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 177.
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Robert Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "faience." Accessed 4 Feb. 2005 .
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faience Accessed 4 Feb. 2005