Flame retardant

Jump to navigation Jump to search


A material or additive that does not support combustion. Flame retardants are often added to susceptible materials, such as textiles, plastics, paints, or wood to slow or inhibit the spread of fire. Types of fire retardant chemicals (FRC) are usually classified in four categories:

Note: Halogenated Flame Retardants (both option 2 and 3 above) are on the ILFI Red list of building materials.

Synonyms and Related Terms

fire retardant; retardateur de feu (Fr.); retardador de fogo (Port.); retardador de incêndio (Port.); intumescent coating; FRC; fire-retardant paint

Personal Risks

  • Chlorinated flame retardants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), are toxic and were banned in the US in 1977
  • Phosphorous flame retardants may be related to allergies, asthma and dermatitis
  • Brominated flame retardants may be related to implications in maternal health and fetal development
  • Most companies have been phasing out chlorinated and brominated flame retardants

Resources and Citations

  • Wikipedia: Flame retardant (Accessed June 2023)
  • ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002
  • Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000