A soft, slightly napped fabric made of Wool or Cotton. A medium weight twill weave flannel may be made into shirts, jackets, or trousers, while a lighter weight, often plain weave flannel, is used for children's sleepwear, sheets and undergarments. Flannel may be napped on one or both sides, while a similar fabric, flannelette is only napped on one side.
Synonyms and Related Terms
flannelette; Flanell (Deut., Sven.); flanela; (Pol.); franela (Esp.); (flanellen) doekje; flanel, katoenflanel; flanellen kleding (Ned);
Physical and Chemical Properties
If fibers are too short, cotton flannel may shed or pill.
Resources and Citations
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Edward Reich, Carlton J. Siegler, Consumer Goods: How to Know and Use Them, American Book Company, New York City, 1937
- Website: www.fabrics.net (Accessed Sept. 1, 2001)
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flannel (Accessed Nov. 2, 2005)
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, https://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000