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Ring with yellow beryl
MFA# 2012.842


A golden yellow Beryl stone most commonly found in southwest Africa. Heliodor has been used for Roman intaglios and gemstones.

Golden beryl from Empire of the World of Gems

Synonyms and Related Terms

golden beryl; yellow beryl; Heliodor (Deut.)

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Hexagonal crystal system. Crystals are generally flawless
  • Fracture = conchoidal
  • Luster = vitreous
  • Fluorescence = generally inert
  • Pleochroism = weak; greenish yellow and yellow or two shades of yellow
  • May contain inclusions
Mohs Hardness 7.5-8.0
Density 2.72 g/ml
Refractive Index 1.577 - 1.583
Birefringence 0.005 - 0.009


Properties of Common Gemstones

Resources and Citations

  • Gem Identification Lab Manual, Gemological Institute of America, 2016.
  • Mineralogy Database: Beryl
  • Jack Odgen, Jewellery of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
  • Wikipedia: Beryl (Accessed Oct. 18, 2005 and Dec 2022)
  • Thomas Gregory, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 3rd ed., 1942
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 101

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