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Ironwood (Ostrya virginiana )


A common name for several varieties of dense heavy wood. Common types are:

- Canadian ironwood (Ostrya virgniana)

- Ceylon ironwood or Gangaw (Mesua ferrea): red, used for furniture, dyes

- East Indian ironwood

- South African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon)

Synonyms and Related Terms

Natural Dye 20; Canadian ironwood (Ostrya virgniana); South African ironwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon); Uganda ironwood; Ceylon ironwood (Mesua ferrea); bois de fer (Fr.); pau ferro (Port.); iron wood; Black ironwood

Density 55-65 ppcf

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Helmut Schweppe, Schweppe color collection index and information book Comment: natural dye 20
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 877
  • F. H. Titmuss, Commercial Timbers of the World, The Technical Press Ltd., London, 1965