An unsaturated fatty acid (C18) that is a component of many vegetable oils such as linseed, soybean, corn, sunflower, safflower, poppy seed, and perilla. Linoleic acid is one component that makes an oil a 'Drying oil'. The two double bonds in linoleic acid readily oxidize in air to produce a hardened, insoluble film. Pure linoleic acid added to paints, coatings, lacquers, and vitamins (as a food supplement).
Synonyms and Related Terms
cis-9, cis12-octadienoic acid; ácido linoleico (Esp.); acide linoléïque (Fr.); acido linoleico (It); linolic acid
- Reacts with oxygen to solidify.
- Fisher Scientific: MSDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in ethanol or ether. Insoluble in water.
|Melting Point||-5 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 280.44|
|Boiling Point||228 C|
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 313
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5529
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998