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Marigold plant with yellow flowers


A natural yellow dye obtained from the yellow/orange flowers (genus Tagetes) that grow freely in England, South America, Mexico, and the southwestern United States. Caltha palustris, or marsh marigolds, grow in marshlands or stream beds, and its flowers produce a yellow dye that primarily contains lycopene, a Carotenoid. When mordanted with chrome on Wool, the yellow dye has good stability to light and washing.

Synonyms and Related Terms

marsh marigolds; Kingcup marigold; Natural Yellow 27; Caltha palustris

Resources and Citations

  • R.J. Adrosko, Natural Dyes in the United States, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1968
  • Helmut Schweppe, Schweppe color collection index and information book
  • Colour Index International online at
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5436

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