A heavy, poisonous, oily compound that is unstable and can readily explode. Nitroglycerin was discovered by Ascanio Sobrero in 1847. A safe manufacturing process was developed by Alfred Nobel in the 1860s. Nitroglycerin is prepared by the nitration of Glycerol. It is used to make dynamite.
Synonyms and Related Terms
nitroglycerine; glyceryl trinitrate; trinitroglycerin; Swedish blasting oil; nitroglycerin (Dan., Sven.); Glycerintrinitrat (Deut.); nitroglicerina (Esp., It., Port.); nitroglycérine (Fr.); trinitrine (Fr.); Nitroglycerine (Ned.); nitrogliceryna (Pol.); triazotan glicerol (Pol.); (Port.)
- Compound can be desensitized by cooling to 5-10 C but then should never be warmed as thawing is extremely hazardous.
- Pfizer: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
|Melting Point||13.2 C|
|Boiling Point||50-60 C (decomposes)|
Resources and Citations
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, https://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitroglycerin (Accessed Oct. 18, 2005)