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Orlon at 200x polarized light
Orlon at 200x


Spun Orlon Type 75 Acrylic

[DuPont] A registered trademark for an Acrylic fiber. In 1950 Orlon® became the first commercially manufactured acrylic fiber. Orlon® is made from polymerized acrylonitrile. The acrylic resin is dissolved in a solvent, then extruded through spinnerets to produce long, continuous filaments. The smooth, thermoplastic fibers are resistant to wrinkles, chemicals, UV light, weathering, insects, mildew, and moisture. They produce fabrics that are lightweight, soft, durable and fast drying. They are, however, susceptible to heat and will melt or burn. Acrylic fibers are used for carpets, blankets, drapes, outdoor products and apparel such as sweaters, coats, linings, hosiery, dresses, and shirts. DuPont discontinued Orlon fibers in 1990.

For micrographs, please see http://cameo.mfa.org/wiki/Category:FRIL:_Acrylic

Synonyms and Related Terms

acrylic fiber; DuPont Fiber A








Properties of Synthetic Fibers

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 12
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Meredith Montague, contributed information, 1998