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Windsor Newton ox gall liquid solution


Ox gall paste and water matt

A semitransparent liquid obtained from the gall bladders of cattle. Oxgall, or ox bile, contains sodium choleate salts (taurochloate and glycochloate) with some Cholesterol, Lecithin, and other natural products. Oxgall is dried and powdered, then mixed with Water or ethanol for use. It is an effective natural Wetting agent that is used with watercolor paints to facilitate flow. Oxgall has also been used in marbling, engraving, lithography, and textile dyeing. It has been used as a Plasticizer in glue-paste mixtures (Ackroyd, 1996).

Ox gall paste

Synonyms and Related Terms

ox gall ; ox-gall (Br.); ox bile; sodium choleate; Bi-ketolan; Bilein; Bilicholan; Cholatol; Crescefel; desicol; Doxychol; Glycotauro; Panoxolin; Plebilin


  • LobaChemie: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in water, ethanol.

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971
  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954

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