Jump to navigation Jump to search


A volatile, colorless hydrocarbon. Pentane is used as a blowing agent in plastics and as a Pesticide.

Synonyms and Related Terms

amyl hydride


  • Highly flammable, dangerous fire explosion risk. Flash point = -49 C.
  • Narcotic by inhalation.
  • Fisher Scientific: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in ethanol and most organic solvents. Insoluble in water.

Composition CH3(CH2)3CH3
CAS 109-66-0
Melting Point -129.7 C
Density 0.62624 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 72.2
Refractive Index 1.35748
Boiling Point 36.074 C

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 596
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 7255
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

Retrieved from ""