Colorless or white acicular crystals with a characteristic odor. Phenol was discovered in coal-tar by Runge. It is used in the production of dyes and resins. Phenol is also used as an Disinfectant and Fungicide; it has been added to paints and glues as a preservative and odorant.
Synonyms and Related Terms
carbolic acid; phenylic acid; phenic acid; benzophenol; hydroxybenzene; oxybenzene; monohydroxybenzene
- Highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. LD50 = 530 mg/kg
- It is readily absorbed through the skin and causes severe burns.
- Combustible. Flash point = 79 (174 F)
- Fisher Scientific: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in water, ethanol, chloroform, ether, glycerol, carbon disulfide, oils, dilute alkalis.
|Melting Point||43 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt.=94.11|
|Boiling Point||182 C|
Resources and Citations
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979