Pale yellow powder that is used as a pH indicator. Phenolphthalein is a triphenylmethane salt whose three aromatic rings produce a red chromophore in basic and neutral solutions. The conjugation is disrupted in acidic solutions resulting in a clear solution. Thus phenolphthalein is an effective acid base indicator for titrations of mineral acids, organic acids and alkalis. It is prepared as a 1% solution in ethanol. In solutions with a pH below 8.5, phenolphthalein is colorless and solutions above pH 9 are red.
Synonyms and Related Terms
- Toxic by ingestion, even small amounts will cause illness.
- Suspected carcinogen.
- Contact may cause irritation.
- ThermoFisher: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in ethanol, ether and alkalis. Insoluble in water.
Solution: Dissolve 1 g phenolphthalein in 50 ml ethanol and add 50 ml water.
|Melting Point||258-262 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 318.33|
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 184
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- S.R.Trotman, E.R. Trotman, Textile Analysis, J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, 1932
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983
- Thomas B. Brill, Light Its Interaction with Art and Antiquities, Plenum Press, New York City, 1980
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: Solution: Dissolve 1 g phenolphthalein in 50 ml alcohol and add 50 ml water.