Any of several water miscible polymer paints. Liquitex acrylic paints were first marketed in 1954 using Rhoplex AC-34 as a base polymer. By 1963, several brand acrylic emulsions came on the market, such as Shiva, Liquitex, Hyplar Acrylic Colors, Aqua-tec, Politec, and Cryla. Vinyl resins, such as Polyvinyl acetate, have also been used to prepare water-based emulsion paints, such as Hyplar Artists' Colors and Flashe. Polymer colors dry quickly to form a tough film with brilliant colors.
Synonyms and Related Terms
acrylic paints; acrylic emulsion paints; polymer paints; polymer colours (Br.); Liquitex [Permanent Pigments]; Shiva [Shiva Artists' Colors]; Hyplar [Grumbacher]; Aqua-tec [Bocour Artists' Colors]; Cryla [George Rowney & Sons, UK]; Politec [Politec Co.]; Flashe [Lefrance & Bourgeouis];
Resources and Citations
- Thomas J.S. Learner, Analysis of Modern Paints, Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, 2004.
- T. Learner, "A Review of Synthetic Binding Media in Twentieth-Century Paints" The Conservator, No. 24, pp. 96-103, 2000.
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000