A yellow liquid with a noxious odor. Pyridine was first prepared from coal-tar in 1846 by Anderson. Pyridine is used as a Solvent and it is one of the few solvents that can dissolve dried Linseed oil in paints and varnishes. It is used as a denaturant for ethanol to make it unfit for drinking. Pyridine has also been used as a chemical raw material for manufacturing many compounds and as a water repellent, bactericide, and herbicide.
Synonyms and Related Terms
- Flammable. Flash point = 68F.
- Dangerous fire risk. Combustion produces highly toxic cyanide gases.
- Toxic by ingestion and inhalation.
- May be absorbed through the skin causing irritation.
- ThermoFisher: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in water, ethanol, ether, benzene, ligroin and fatty oils.
|Melting Point||-42.0 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt.=79.11|
|Boiling Point||115.5 C|
Resources and Citations
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p.817
- Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
- George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954
- The Merck Index, Susan Budavari (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Whitehouse Station, NJ, 12th Edition, 1996 Comment: entry 7869; ref. index=1.5092
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.507