Pyruvic acid

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A colorless liquid with a smell similar to Acetic acid. Pyruvic acid is an intermediate compound produced by the aerobic metabolism of Glucose (glycolysis). It is a key component in several biochemical pathways.

Synonyms and Related Terms

2-oxopropanoic acid (IUPAC); acetylformic acid; pyroracemic acid; 2- ketopropionic acid


  • ThermoFisher: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Miscible in water, ethanol and ether.

Composition C3H4O3
CAS 127-17-3
Melting Point 11.18 C
Density 1.250 g/ml
Molecular Weight 88.06
Boiling Point 165 C

Resources and Citations

  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 7925
  • Wikipedia: Pyruvic acid (accessed Jan 6, 2009)

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