Jump to navigation Jump to search


White crystalline phenol used as a Developer and Stabilizer for direct dyes. Resorcinol also reacts with Formaldehyde, Acetanilide, rubber, and other compounds to form polymers and azo dyes. Resorcinol formaldehyde resin cures at room temperature to form a very strong bond. It is commonly used as an Adhesive for wood veneers and rubber-textile laminates.



Chemical structure


Synonyms and Related Terms

resorcine; resorcin; m-dihydroxybenzene; 3-hydroxyphenol; 1,3-benzenediol


  • Toxic by ingestion.
  • Contact and inhalation causes severe irritation to skin, eyes and lungs.
  • Combustible. Flash point = 127 C (261 F)
  • ThermoFisher: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in water, ethanol, ether, glycerol, benzene, amyl alcohol. Slightly soluble in chloroform.

Composition C6H4(OH)2
CAS 108-46-3
Melting Point 110.7 C
Density 1.2717 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt.=110.11
Boiling Point 281 C

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 667
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8323