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Odorless, white to brownish crystals. Salicylanilide is a condensation product of Salicylic acid and Aniline. It is used as a fungicide and antimildew agent (0.1% solution) in paper, waterlogged wood, and textiles (Caneva et al 1991).

Synonyms and Related Terms

2-hydroxy-n-phenylbenzamide; n-phenylsalicylamide; salinidol; Shirlan [ICI]


  • Skin contact and inhalation causes irritation.
  • Toxic by ingestion.
  • LD50 = 5000 mg/kg
  • Fisher Scientific: MSDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in ethanol, ether, chloroform, benzene. Slightly soluble in water.

Composition HOC6H4CONHC6H5
CAS 87-17-2
Melting Point 136-138 C
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 213.24.2

Resources and Citations

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8482
  • G.Caneva, M.P.Nugari, O.Salvadori, Biology in the Conservation of Works of Art, ICCROM, Rome, 1991

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