A large pine tree, Pinus sylvestris, native to Eurasia and imported to North America. The Scotch pine has tough light brown wood, often called red deal. Its lumber is used for millwork and it is an important conifer for timber in Europe.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Pinus sylvestris; pino albar, pino Valsaín (Esp.); pin sylvestre (Fr.); casquinha (Port.); pino silvestre (It.); Scots pine; red pine; red deal; Baltic pine; Scotch fir
Physical and Chemical Properties
Paper fiber type: softwood, hard pine. Using transmitted light microscopy, fibers are identified by the presence of fenestriform pits that occur in doubles and singles across the fiber. Dentate ray tracheids are present. Appearance with Graff "C" stain: varies with pulping and bleaching. Average dimensions of fibers: length 3.1mm, width 35μm. Common pulping method: kraft and sulfite.
Resources and Citations
- Schoch, W., Heller, I., Schweingruber, F.H., Kienast, F., 2004:Wood anatomy of central European Species: Common Pine, Scots Pine, Pinus silvestris L.
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 614
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Marja-Sisko Ilvessalo-Pfäffli. Fiber Atlas: Identification of Papermaking Fibers (Springer Series in Wood Science). Springer, 1995.
- Walter Rantanen. "Fiber ID Course." Integrated Paper Services. June 2013. Lecture.