Shikon (Gromwell root) - right (235 R)

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Uemura 07-23-2009 235.jpg

Museum number 235
Uemura number / title ; "Haze-some 25"
Folder location 4th shelf
Sample location right (235 R)
Fiber type silk
Color dark purple
Dyestuff (Japanese common name) 紫根 : Shikon (?)
Dye (English common name) Gromwell root
Dyestuff (botanical name) Lithospermum erythrorhizon Siebold et Zucc. (L. officinale L. subsp. erythrorhizon (Siebold et Zucc.) Hand.-Mazz.)
Plant part root / dried (?)
Dyestuff extraction boiled in water, and dyed in warm bath
Auxiliary agent in dye bath -
Mordant ash water (larger quantity)
Other auxiliary agent -
Uemura's notes It is common to use ash water as mordant for this dyeing. Without using the mordant, it would be difficult to make the resultant color purple. Though larger quantity of ash water was used for dyeing the right sample, the resultant color should not be what was called "Kuromurasaki ()" in the Nihon shoki (), the early 8th century AD. Japan. The plant was also read in a Japanese classic poem in the Manysh (), volume 4, fromthe 7th -8th century AD:
Uemura's date Kyoto