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Sugarcane grinder
MFA# 49.239
Sugar and Salt
MFA Acc. #: 2006.217


A photosynthesis product in plants. Sugar is an important source of metabolic energy in foods and its formation in plants is an essential factor in the life process. A sugar is a small Carbohydrate composed of one, two, or more saccharose groups. The chief monosaccharides are Glucose (dextrose) and Fructose (levulose). Some primary disaccharides are Sucrose (from cane or beet sugar); Lactose (from milk); Maltose (from Starch); and cellobiose (from Cellulose). Table sugar is primarily composed of sucrose.

Synonyms and Related Terms

sucre (Fr.); sucrose; cane sugar; beet sugar


Table sugar.TIF

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Soluble in water.
  • Hygroscopic.
  • Density = 1.59 g/ml

Additional Images

Resources and Citations

  • V.Daniels, G.Lohneis, "Deterioration of Sugar Artifacts" Studies in Conservation 42:17-26, 1997.
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 777
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980

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